Tough on crime policies enacted in the 1980s and 1990s increased the number of juveniles charged as adults—viewing them not as children.
In the 1700s, laws did not distinguish between juveniles and adults within the criminal justice system. According to a PBS Frontline online.
But, in a number of states, minors as young as 13 could be subjected to a waiver petition. And a few states allow children of any age to be tried as adults for.
Despite the establishment of a separate juvenile justice system over a century ago, youth are routinely charged and prosecuted in the adult criminal justice.
Most juveniles tried as adults, and/or placed in adult facilities, are being denied education and subjected to various dangers.